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The 2021 Nobel Prize in Medicine was recently awarded to two scientists who advanced our understanding of how the nervous system senses and interprets our environment 1. In particular, they contributed to the dissection of the mechanisms underlying how temperature and mechanical stimuli are converted into electrical signals in the mammalian nervous system. First, David… Continue reading 2021 Nobel Prize in Medicine

            The most common reasons for a heart transplant are severe heart failure or improper functioning of one or both ventricles of the heart (Norton, 2021). A record-high 3,552 heart transplantations were performed in the United States in 2019, and the number of patients on the waiting list has only grown in recent years: according… Continue reading New Developments in Organ Donor Restrictions

Colorectal cancer, which occurs in the large intestine of the digestive tract, is the third most common type of cancer around the world (excluding non-melanoma skin cancers). Fortunately, its incidence and death rate have decreased in the United States and the European Union over the past two decades, largely because of the popularization of screening… Continue reading Risk Factors for Early-Onset Colorectal Cancer

With global COVID-19 cases surpassing 200 million in August and many expecting cases to reach 300 million early next year, the need for effective medications for infected patients has never been greater [1, 2]. In August 2021, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced the second leg of the Solidarity trial to test candidate treatments for… Continue reading Solidarity PLUS Trial for COVID-19 Treatments

Post-operative pain management can be a concern of physicians and patients alike. Pain is subjective, making it difficult for physicians to decide which medications to recommend for patients with varying pain tolerances. There are many options of drugs to use, ranging from over-the-counter drugs like NSAIDs to prescription medications like low potency opioids.1 Because of… Continue reading NSAIDs for Post-Operative Pain in Outpatients

Studies have shown that breastfeeding has extensive benefits for both infant and mother. Breast milk is the best source of nutrition for a child, decreasing the risk of many infanthood diseases as well as the long-term risk of obesity.i The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life, minimum.ii Moreover, mothers who choose to breastfeed experience a reduction in the risk of… Continue reading Anesthetic Considerations for Breastfeeding Patients

A large number of patients who survive hospitalization in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) experience medium to long-term consequences from their stay. Patients may experience a period of inactivity that results in changes in various systems of the body. For instance, in the respiratory system, the main consequences of immobilization are atelectasis, mechanical ventilation, and hospital-associated pneumonia. Muscular dysfunction can also occur due… Continue reading Effectiveness of Progressive Mobility Programs on the Functional States of ICU Patients

Uterine artery embolization is a relatively simple, minimally-invasive procedure for removing fibroids, or non-cancerous uterine masses that occur in roughly half of women of reproductive age.i During the procedure, fibroids are essentially starved from blood supply via catheter-mediated injection of embolic products. Though uterine artery embolization has been shown to be both safe and effective at improving symptoms and has been recommended by the American College of Gynecologists,ii,iii,iv the management… Continue reading Pain Management for Uterine Artery Embolization

Postoperative hypoxemia is a serious yet common condition that requires immediate treatment. It occurs predominantly as the result of gas exchange impairment or abnormalities in breathing control that can result from prolonged sedation by means of general anesthesia or opioids.i Risk factors for post-operative hypoxemia include heart disease, low pre-operative oxygen saturation, and a surgical duration of more than three hours.ii All methods of intervention should seek to maintain oxygen at a target saturation… Continue reading Managing Postoperative Hypoxemia

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