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Mechanical ventilation involves the use of a machine to assist and support patient respiration, either partially or completely. Though invasive and often uncomfortable, mechanical ventilation may be necessary for patients in a severely compromised respiratory state. A number of conditions can lead to hypoxemia, including acute respiratory distress, bradypnea or apnea with respiratory arrest, lung… Continue reading Neuromuscular Blockade During Mechanical Ventilation

Perioperative allergic reactions are rare but potentially lethal responses to drugs administered before, during, or after a surgical procedure. The incidence of hypersensitivity reactions due to anesthetic agents is difficult to determine because they occur in a context in which a multitude of drugs are administered in a short period of time; furthermore, a patient,… Continue reading Incidence of Perioperative and Anesthesia Allergies

Anesthesiologists must consider many additional factors when administering anesthesia to patients with neuromuscular disorders.

Anesthesiologists must consider many additional factors when administering anesthesia to patients with neuromuscular disorders (NMD). For example, these patients are more likely to have cardiomyopathies or respiratory weaknesses; they also have a greater risk of increased sensitivity to sedatives; thus, vital signs and hemodynamic stability should be consistently monitored throughout the operative process [1].   Temperature… Continue reading Anesthesia and Neuromuscular Disorders   

The connection between depression and postoperative outcomes remains an area of active investigation.

In the United States, approximately 21 million adults suffer from depression every year (1). Characterized by a wide array of emotional, physical, and neurological symptoms — including persistent feelings of sadness, irritability, inability to concentrate, lack of appetite, fatigue, neurocognitive dysfunction, and chronic pain (2, 3) — depression is associated with disability, decreased quality of… Continue reading Depression and Postoperative Outcomes

COVID-19 in young people can lead to severe symptoms or long-term effects. 

It is well-documented that COVID-19-related mortality and morbidity has disproportionately affected elderly populations. However, despite being less studied, COVID-19 in young people can lead to severe symptoms or long-term effects.  A recent report showed that children accounted for approximately 19 percent of confirmed COVID-19 infections, although this number is likely an underestimate due to asymptomatic… Continue reading COVID-19 in Young People: Current Data 

Virtual reality (VR), the computer-generated creation of a complete immersive virtual environment, and augmented reality (AR), the computer-based augmentation of real-world scenes, have emerged in the last decade as leading technologies buoying many industries through different applications. VR and AR tools effectively help people train, solve problems, and carry out tasks in fully or semi-alternate… Continue reading Eye Health in the Context of VR/AR 

Pain is an unpleasant sensory or emotional experience, but the ability to feel pain is an adaptive trait that can help organisms respond to threatening stimuli. There are objective, sensory aspects of pain (called nociception), as well as subjective, emotional and psychological elements of perceiving pain. Understanding both is key to defining pain physiology and… Continue reading Pain Physiology for Analgesia 

According to the 2013 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, antidepressants are the third most frequently prescribed class of medications in outpatient clinics [1]. These medications are often prescribed for the treatment for depressive or anxiety disorders, such as major depressive disorder, phobias, panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, or obsessive-compulsive disorder [2]. However, they are also… Continue reading Anesthesia Considerations for Patients on Antidepressants 

As of March 15, 2022, there had been almost 458.5 million confirmed cases of COVID-19 worldwide, including more than six million deaths (WHO, 2022). Asymptomatic and pre-symptomatic transmission seems to be one of the most important features of COVID-19 (Gao et al., 2021). Defined by the CDC as “when a person is infected with a… Continue reading Asymptomatic COVID-19: Data After 2 Years

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